Guyana Guardian – The Ebola virus which had wiped out thousands of lives during its last outbreak in 2014 to 2016 has strike again, sparking off global concerns that are already creating widespread panic.

The disease which can provide for a painful death, was discovered to have risen again a few days ago in the Democratic Republic of the Congo where it has already killed more than 40 people including children, and has placed Uganda, Rwanda, and Kenya among other neighbouring countries on high alert, as fear over another possible continental outbreak is beginning to grow.

Passengers arriving in Europe and North America from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), among other neighbouring countries are being screened while some European universities that have anticipating students in the new term from those countries are also subjecting them to a brief quarantine.

The Al Jazeera Network and the New China news has also reported that several countries have been meeting with hotels to set up a system to monitor tourists who may have arrived from infected regions

While a number of offshore students from the DRC and other neighbouring African countries are expected to arrive in Guyana via transit flights from Brazil in the coming weeks to study, it remain unclear as to whether the authorities in Brazil or Guyana will be implementing any measures aimed at screening those passengers to ensure that they are Ebola-free.

Ebola can be spread via direct contact with someone who has the virus through kissing, or exposed skin to the person’s body fluid, breast milk, vomit, urine, semen (sperm) from a man, vaginal fluid of an infected woman, infected bats and monkeys, or pigs.

Water or streams contaminated by the virus also allow for faster spreading.

According to the World Health Organization, initial signs of infection entails the sudden onset of fever fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is then usually followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding.

Death usually occurs within a few days.

While treatment can save lives, more than 70% of people who were infected with Ebola in Africa has died, while another 20% has never fully recovered.